Kinetics of Neutral red (NR) and Acridine orange (AO) uptake by cultured L cells (subline LSM) has been studied. It was found that the uptake of both NR and AO, with their constant concentrations in the medium was characterized as a two-phase process. During 2 hours, these cells concentrated as much as 90% of the total amount of NR and AO taken up during the whole incubation period. The segregation and accumulation of NR, AO as well as NH4Cl took place in lysosomes. NR and AO concentrations within the cells exceed by 600 and 400 times, respectively, those in the medium. NR, AO and NH4+ accumulation in cells resulted in inhibition of the activity of the following lysosomal hydrolases: cathepsins B and D, acid lipase, N-acetyl-beta,D-glucosaminidase, beta-galactosidase, acid phosphatase and galactosyltransferase, the latter being a marker of Golgi apparatus. The effect of lysosomal enzyme activity inhibition on the cell economy, and a possible role of lysosomotropic agents as regulators of the lysosomal apparatus functional activity are discussed.