In vitro binding studies demonstrate that RenaGel has an extremely high phosphate binding capacity. At an estimated physiological concentration of 5 mM phosphate, RenaGel binds 2.6 mmole phosphate/g of phosphate binder. The in vivo binding study shows that RenaGel mixed into the diet decreased urinary phosphorus excretion in a dose dependent manner. RenaGel particles with a 23 microns mean diameter are more efficacious than the larger ones. In conclusion, the above studies indicate that RenaGel is a potent phosphate binder. RenaGel contains no calcium or aluminum and offers an alternative to existing phosphate binder treatments.