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The Influence of Lifestyle on High-Density Lipoprotein Concentration among Mexican Emerging Adults.

Authors
  • Luna-Castillo, Karla Paulina1, 2
  • López-Quintero, Andres1, 2
  • Carrera-Quintanar, Lucrecia1, 3
  • Llamas-Covarrubias, Iris Monserrat1, 2
  • Muñoz-Valle, José Francisco1, 4
  • Márquez-Sandoval, Fabiola1
  • 1 Doctorado en Ciencias de la Nutrición Traslacional (DCNT), Departamento de Clínicas de la Reproducción Humana, Crecimiento y Desarrollo Infantil, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud (CUCS), Universidad de Guadalajara (UdeG), Guadalajara 44340, Jalisco, Mexico. , (Mexico)
  • 2 Instituto de Nutrigenética y Nutrigenómica Traslacional (INNUGET), Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud (CUCS), Universidad de Guadalajara (UdeG), Guadalajara 44340, Jalisco, Mexico. , (Mexico)
  • 3 Instituto de Investigación en Cáncer en la Infancia y Adolescencia (INICIA), Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud (CUCS), Universidad de Guadalajara (UdeG), Guadalajara 44340, Jalisco, Mexico. , (Mexico)
  • 4 Instituto de Investigación en Ciencias Biomédicas (IICB), Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud (CUCS), Universidad de Guadalajara (UdeG), Guadalajara 44340, Jalisco, Mexico. , (Mexico)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Nutrients
Publisher
MDPI AG
Publication Date
Oct 27, 2023
Volume
15
Issue
21
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/nu15214568
PMID: 37960221
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Previous studies have highlighted the role of lifestyle on HDL-C concentrations in adults. To our knowledge, the health and nutritional status of emerging adults have been understudied. The present study aimed to explore the most important lifestyle factors, including micronutrient intake adequacy and the percentage of energy from food processing, according to HDL-C concentrations in emerging adults. In this context, a cross-sectional analysis was conducted on 261 Mexican emerging adults who were apparently healthy. Lifestyle factors were collected through a structured survey and the prevalence of micronutrient intake inadequacy was estimated using the estimated average requirement cut-point method. The percentage of energy from ultra-processed foods was assessed using the NOVA system. HDL-C was determined using the enzymatic colorimetric method. Statistical analyses were conducted in SPSS. The results revealed that lifestyle factors do not differ according to HDL-C status. The participants showed a poor nutritional diet that was energy-dense and micronutrient-inadequate. Nearly half of their energy came from processed and ultra-processed foods. Most participants did not meet the recommendations for key nutrients (ϖ3 fatty acids and phytosterols) that promote a healthy lipid status. In conclusion, regardless of their HDL-C levels, emerging adults exhibited lifestyle-related risk factors. The persistence of these findings over time could contribute to the development of metabolic disorders in the future. It is crucial to increase understanding and to develop effective nutritional interventions during this critical phase of life.

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