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Effect of Portuguese man-of-war venom on isolated vascular segments.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics
Publication Date
Volume
236
Issue
1
Pages
140–143
Identifiers
PMID: 2867212
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to characterize the mode of action of nematocyst venom from the Portuguese man-of-war (Physalia physalis) on isolated rabbit arterial ring segments, and to see if these in vitro effects were similar to those observed in the intact skeletal muscle vasculature of the dog (see Loredo et al., J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 232: 301-304, 1985). The venom (0.021-4.28 micrograms/ml) produced dose-dependent relaxations of norepinephrine precontracted arterial segments from various vascular beds. Venom-induced relaxations were blocked by sodium meclofenamate (10-20 micrograms/ml), but not by atropine (6 micrograms/ml), propranolol (4-12 micrograms/ml) or quinacrine (2-4 X 10(-5) M). These results were similar to those observed in the intact skeletal muscle vascular bed of the dog and further implicate the stimulation of endogenous prostaglandin synthesis as the mechanism by which P. physalis venom dilates vasculature.

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