Comparative studies of plasmids col I and pKM101 effect on lethal and mutagenic response to UV-light and chemical agents (4NQ0, EMS, agent N012074) has been carried out in Salmonella strains used for screening of mutagens (potential carcinogens). It has been found that the plasmid pKM101 has more pronounced effect as compared with coll plasmid. Contrary to plasmid pKM101-mediated ability to form UV-induced frameshift mutation, colI factor lacks this ability and very slightly enhances the rate of frameshift mutagenesis induced by chemical agents under study. The colicinogenic factor is found to enhance only the rate of base-pair substitutions, whereas plasmid pKM101 enhances the rate of both base-pair substitutions and frameshift mutations. We were unable to demonstrate combined effect of these two plasmids on the rate of either spontaneous or induced mutations. Possible mechanisms of plasmid-mediated bacterial mutagenesis and repair are discussed.