The effect produced by antibody specific to Candida albicans when attached to liposomes containing amphotericin B was studied in vivo. Liposomal amphotericin B bearing specific immunoglobulin (LAMB-Ab) was compared with the unencapsulated drug (fAMB) and other liposomal amphotericin B formulations in the short-term survival (21 days) of mice with disseminated candidiasis. Both the treatment and prophylaxis of the murine model of candidiasis were explored in these trials. LAMB-Ab increased survival rates in the model more than other liposomal preparations containing amphotericin B. Liposomal amphotericin B compounds as a group prolonged survival over fAMB. Liposomal preparations used for comparison included liposomes with attached nonspecific antibody (LAMB-Ab-), liposomes without antibody (LAMB), and liposomes with unattached specific antibody (LAMB+).