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Effect of Mo content on the corrosion resistance of (CoCrFeNi)1−xMox thin films in sulfuric acid

  • Linder, Clara
  • Rao, Smita G
  • Boyd, Robert
  • Greczynski, G
  • Eklund, Per
  • Munktell, Sara
  • le Febvrier, Aranaud
  • Björk, Emma M
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2024
DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2024.140220
DiVA - Academic Archive On-line
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(CoCrFeNi)1−xMox thin films with various Mo content (0–10 at.%) were grown by magnetron sputtering on a stainless steel substrate. The films with 0–2 at.% presented two crystal structures: one FCC phase and one sigma phase, while films with higher Mo content only had the FCC structure. All films have a (111) texture and follow the topography of the substrate. The corrosion resistance of the films was evaluated in 0.05 M H2SO4 at room temperature and at 80 °C. It was observed that the corrosion current densities considerably decreased for Mo > 2 at%, and that the current densities were higher at the elevated temperature. Scanning Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy showed a large potential difference between the main FCC phase and sigma phase for the Mo0–2 films. This would suggest that preferential dissolution of the FCC phase occurs over the sigma and reduces the corrosion resistance. Such preferential dissolution does not occur for the higher Mo content films with only the FCC phase. The high corrosion resistance was also attributed to the inhibition of Fe and Cr dissolution by Mo and the stabilisation of the Cr enriched oxide by incorporating Mo oxides into the passive film, identified by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The low corrosion current densities (below 1 µA/cm2) make these thin films possible candidates for protective coatings of bipolar plates in PEM fuel cells.  / <p>This study was performed within the Competence Centre FunMat-II and was funded by the Swedish Agency for Innovation Systems (VINNOVA, grant no 2016–05156, and grant no 2019–04881). The authors would also like to acknowledge the Swedish Government Strategic Research Area in Materials Science on Functional Materials at Linkoping University (Faculty Grant SFO-Mat-LiU No. 2009 00971)</p>

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