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Effect of Mn-doping on the optical and electronics characteristics of cadmium sulfide photocatalyst prepared under different conditions

Authors
  • Heiba, Zein K.1, 1
  • Ahmed, Sameh I.2
  • Mohamed, Mohamed Bakr3, 1
  • 1 Ain Shams University, Cairo, 11566, Egypt , Cairo (Egypt)
  • 2 Taif University, Taif, 21944, Saudi Arabia , Taif (Saudi Arabia)
  • 3 Taibah University, Al‑Madina al Munawarah, 42353, Saudi Arabia , Al‑Madina al Munawarah (Saudi Arabia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Applied Physics A
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Jan 11, 2021
Volume
127
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00339-021-04273-7
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
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Abstract

CdS and Cd0.95Mn0.05S were synthesized using a thermolysis procedure in the air and underflow of nitrogen. Rietveld analysis for X-ray diffraction data revealed that all samples have two phases (hexagonal wurtzite and cubic zinc blende). The effect of Mn doping and the preparation conditions on the phase percentages, the crystallite size, lattice parameters and vibrational bands were investigated in detail. The optical band gap of CdS reduced when formed in N2 compared with sample formed in air. Upon doping with Mn, the optical band gap of samples (in air or nitrogen) exhibited a redshift. Density function theory calculation (DFT) revealed a semiconductor feature with a direct band gap for all samples except Mn-doped CdS with cadmium deficiency; it has a half metallic nature. DFT calculations manifested that for the Mn-doped samples, the optical conductivity was enhanced in the visible range considering sulfur deficiency, while considering Cd deficiency the sample has an optical conductivity response only in the IR region. The calculations were performed to examine the influence of Mn doping on the structure, optical, magnetic and electronic characteristics of CdS (stoichiometric and non- stoichiometric).

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