The effects of met-enkephalin and morphine on gastric acid and pepsin secretion and gastric mucosal and total blood flow were studied in anaesthetized dogs with an in vivo chambered secretion stomach preparation. It was found that both agents infused intraarterially caused an increase in histamine-induced acid and pepsin secretion and mucosal and total blood flow. The above responses were significantly blocked by naloxone and nalorphine. In the resting stomach both opiates did not induce secretory changes but they increased mucosal and total blood flow. Met-enkephalin and morphine were also effective after intravenous administration. Met-enkephalin but not morphine fails to stimulate acid secretion if given into the portal vein. The likely mechanism of action of opiates on gastric secretion is discussed and a hypothesis of existence of opiate receptors in the gastric wall is presented.