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Effect of maternal separation and chronic stress on hippocampal-dependent memory in young adult rats: evidence for the match-mismatch hypothesis.

Authors
  • Zalosnik, M I
  • Pollano, A
  • Trujillo, V
  • Suárez, M M
  • Durando, P E
Type
Published Article
Journal
Stress (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2014
Volume
17
Issue
5
Pages
445–450
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3109/10253890.2014.936005
PMID: 24930801
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Adverse experiences early in life may sensitize the hippocampus to subsequent stressors throughout the individual's life. We analyzed in male rats, whether, the interaction between early maternal separation and chronic stress affects: (1) the volume of the dorsal hippocampus, (2) CA1, CA2/3 and dentate gyrus (DG) and (3) hippocampal-dependent memory in adulthood. Male Wistar rats were subjected to daily maternal separation for 4.5 h between postnatal days 1-21. From postnatal day 50, animals were exposed to a chronic unpredictable stress paradigm during 24 days. The volumes of the dorsal hippocampus, their areas or strata did not reveal significant differences between treatments. Non-maternally separated and stressed animals showed poor hippocampal performance in a contextual fear conditioning test, with a significant reduction in freezing behavior during post-conditioning compared with control and maternally separated and stressed animals. Also, memory retrieval 24 h after conditioning was significantly weaker in this group than in control animals. Memory performance in maternally separated and stressed rats was similar to control animals. Our results show an interaction between early environment experiences and chronic variable stress in young adulthood as evidence that early stressful experiences do not necessarily lead to a negative outcome but can help in maintaining brain plasticity and increase fitness when animals reach adulthood.

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