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[The effect of lysolecithin on rat liver microsome monooxygenase activity after induction by xenobiotics of the methylcholanthrene type].

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biokhimii︠a︡ (Moscow, Russia)
Publication Date
Volume
57
Issue
12
Pages
1815–1826
Identifiers
PMID: 1294253
Source
Medline

Abstract

Effects of exogenous gamma-myristoyl- and gamma-palmitoyllysolecithins on physico-chemical characteristics of rat liver microsomes, such as hydrophobicity and viscosity, as well as on oxidative NADPH-dependent O-deethylation of 7-ethoxycoumarin (7-EC), O-demethylation of p-nitroanisole (p-NA) and hydroxylation of 3.4-benz(a)pyrene (BP) induced by the mechylcholanthrene xenobiotics methylcholanthrene (MCh), beta-naphthoflavone (NF) and Sovol (SV) have been investigated. The specific inducible form of P-450c showed different affinity for the substrates. Lysolecithin decreased the hydrophobicity but only slightly increased membrane viscosity, whereas the monooxygenase substrates neutralized these effects. Lysolecithin (2-20 micrograms/mg of microsomal protein) inhibited the activity of deethylase 7-EC (maximally by 11%) in NF- and SV-induced microsomes, this inhibiting effect being more pronounced than that in MCh-induced microsomes. At higher concentrations lysolecithin inhibited the rate of 7-EC deethylation in MCh-induced microsomes more strongly; the maximal inhibition (23%) was observed at the protein concentration of 60 micrograms/mg. In case of NF- and SV-induced microsomes the inhibition was 18%. The inhibiting effect of lysolecithin on 7-EC dealkylation was expressed in a lesser degree than that on p-NA O-demethylation in induced (but not intact) microsomes. A significant positive correlation has been found between the changes in hydrophobicity and inhibition rates in the presence of lysolecithin, however only for 7-EC deethylation.

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