Injection of L-dopa in mice produces dose-dependent mydriasis. Pre-treatment with peripheral dopa-decarboxylase inhibitors (carbidopa and benserazide) or with an alpha-adrenergic blocking agent (phentolamine) abolishes the pupillary dilation caused by L-dopa. Pretreatment with fusaric acid, an inhibitor of dopamine-beta-hydroxylase, also antagonizes the mydriatic effect of L-dopa. Thus, our results suggest that the mydriasis produced in mice following the injection of L-dopa is caused by its peripheral conversion to noradrenaline, which stimulates alpha-adrenergic receptors in the dilator iridis. There was no evidence that stimulation of specific dopaminergic receptors was involved.