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[The effect of holotoxin A1 on transport of calcium ions across the lipid models of biological membranes].

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biokhimii︠a︡ (Moscow, Russia)
Publication Date
Volume
55
Issue
2
Pages
270–275
Identifiers
PMID: 2160291
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Planar bilayer lipid membranes formed from trepang phospholipids possess an intrinsic Ca2(+)-permeability. These phospholipids dissolved in a non-polar solvent can extract 45Ca2+ from the aqueous to the organic phase. The triterpenic glycoside holotoxin A isolated from the trepang Stichopus japonicus inhibits the Ca2+ flux of lipid bilayers from trepang phospholipids as well as the Ca2+ flux induced in phosphatidylcholine bilayers by the calcium ionophore X-537A. Toxin inhibits the Ca2+ ionophore A23187 induced Ca2+ efflux from phosphatidylcholine liposomes and 45Ca2+ transition from the aqueous to the organic phase. Holotoxin A does not inhibit the 45Ca2+ transfer to the non-polar phase induced by holoturia phospholipids and does not affect the phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxide-induced Ca2+ flux of lipid bilayers. Using the fluorescent probe pyrene, it was demonstrated that toxin increases the microviscosity of liposomal membranes and trepang oocyte "ghosts".

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