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Effect of glucocorticoids on alpha 1-adrenergic receptor binding in rat vascular smooth muscle.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of molecular endocrinology
Publication Date
Volume
5
Issue
1
Pages
41–48
Identifiers
PMID: 2168709
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Glucocorticoids are known to have marked effects on blood pressure regulation, predominantly through altering cardiovascular sensitivity to noradrenaline. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this action remain unclear. As part of our studies into these we have measured alpha 1-adrenergic receptor binding using the ligand [3H]prazosin in plasma membrane fractions of aortas prepared from control, adrenalectomized and dexamethasone-treated adrenalectomized rats. In controls there were 50 +/- 8 (S.E.M.; n = 6) fmol alpha 1-adrenergic receptors/mg membrane protein (Bmax) with a dissociation constant (Kd) of 0.52 +/- 0.10 nM (n = 6). Adrenalectomy 8 days before tissue preparation caused a 40% decrease in Bmax and a 60% decrease in Kd. Dexamethasone replacement after adrenalectomy returned these values close to those of controls. Noradrenaline competed for the [3H]prazosin-binding sites. Computer analysis by a non-linear curve-fitting program (LIGAND) showed that noradrenaline binding was to a heterogeneous population of high- and low-affinity receptors with Kd values of 1.87 +/- 0.73 microM and 0.48 +/- 0.12 mM (n = 5) respectively. Guanosine thiotriphosphate (GTP[S]) caused the conversion of high-affinity to low-affinity binding, consistent with the model of the high-affinity sites being coupled to a G protein. After adrenalectomy, noradrenaline binding was to a homogeneous population of low-affinity receptors; hence, the effect of GTP[S] was no longer apparent, suggesting that under these conditions the alpha 1-adrenergic receptors were unable to couple to a G protein. The two-site model of binding and GTP[S] effect was returned by dexamethasone treatment.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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