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Effect of "freedom of choice" on Task Performance and Well-Being During Leisure Activity: An Intercultural Study Among Older Adults in China and France.

Authors
  • Tang, Minmin1, 2
  • Wang, Dahua3
  • Guerrien, Alain2
  • 1 College of Psychology, Sichuan Normal University, Chengdu, China. , (China)
  • 2 University of Lille, ULR 4072 - PSITEC - Psychologie: Interactions Temps Émotions Cognition, F-59000 Lille, France. , (France)
  • 3 Institute of Developmental Psychology, 47836Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China. , (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
International journal of aging & human development
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2022
Volume
95
Issue
2
Pages
187–204
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/00914150211037656
PMID: 34581193
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Based on the perspective of self-determination theory (SDT) and the cross-cultural, the aim of the present study was to explore the effect of "freedom of choice" on the well-being of institution-dwelling older adults (elderly residences and nursing homes), in particular during leisure activities. Participants (NChina = 67, Mage = 80.55 years; NFrance = 90, Mage = 82.19 years) were randomly assigned to the "elderly-choice" group or "staff choice" group to participate in a puzzle game. Consistent with SDT, results showed that basic psychological needs satisfaction (autonomy, competence, relatedness) was positively associated with elderly well-being. However, our findings did not demonstrate the importance of freedom of choice for promoting such well-being in the context of leisure activities for either culture; this may be related to the recompense of close relationships or else the particularity of the elderly population. Interestingly, competence satisfaction was observed to act as a complete mediating variable between task performance and well-being only in the French population.

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