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Effect of follicle cells on in vitro fertilization of pig follicular oocytes.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Theriogenology
0093-691X
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
39
Issue
3
Pages
593–599
Identifiers
PMID: 16727238
Source
Medline

Abstract

We investigated the effect of cumulus and granulosa cells (follicle cells) on in vitro fertilization of pig follicular oocytes matured in vitro. Oocytes surrounded by cumulus and connected with a piece of parietal granulosa cells (complexes) were matured in vitro for 46hours and were then divided into 4 groups: Group I oocytes were surrounded by expanded cumulus and granulosa cells; Group II oocytes were surrounded by expanded cumulus cells; Group III were denuded oocytes; and Group IV were denuded oocytes with cumulus cells from other complexes. After incubation for 4 hours and 40 minutes with frozen, thawed and preincubated pig epididymal spermatozoa, the oocytes were cultured for 5 hours and 20 minutes. When oocytes were inseminated in the presence of cumulus cells, the penetration rates were higher (92.5% for Group II and 89.5% for Group IV) than when cumulus cells were not used for insemination (Group III, 66.8%) or when oocytes with follicle cells were inseminated (Group I, 72.3%). Denudation of follicle cells before insemination (Group III) decreased the percentage of male pronuclear formation (50.8%) compared with that of oocytes surrounded by follicle cells (66.7% for Group II and 80.2% for Group I). These results support the ability of a moderate number of follicle cells to facilitate sperm penetration of pig follicular oocytes and male pronuclear formation.

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