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The effect of fibrin(ogen) on thrombin generation and decay.

Authors
  • Kremers, R M W
  • Wagenvoord, R J
  • Hemker, H C
Type
Published Article
Journal
Thrombosis and haemostasis
Publication Date
Sep 02, 2014
Volume
112
Issue
3
Pages
486–494
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1160/TH14-02-0172
PMID: 24964786
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Defibrination causes a ~30% decrease of thrombin generation (TG) which can be restored by adding native fibrinogen in its original concentration (3 mg/ml). The fibrinogen variant γA/γ', which binds thrombin with high affinity, is over four times more efficient in this respect than the more common γA/γA form. By using high tissue factor concentrations we accelerated prothrombin conversion so as to obtain a descending part of the TG curve that was governed by thrombin decay only. From that part we calculated the antithrombin (AT)- and α2-macroglobulin-dependent decay constants at a series of concentrations of native, γA/γA and γA/γ' fibrinogen. We found that the increase of TG in the presence of fibrinogen is primarily due to a dose-dependent decrease of thrombin inactivation by α2-macroglobulin, where the γA/γ' form is much more active than the γA/γA form. AT-dependent decay is somewhat decreased by γA/γ' fibrinogen but hardly by the γA/γA form. We assume that binding of thrombin to fibrin(ogen) interferes with its binding to inhibitors. Attenuation of decay only in part explains the stimulating effect of fibrinogen on TG, as fibrinogen stimulates prothrombin conversion, regardless of the fibrinogen variant.

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