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The Effect of Extralegal Factors in Decision-Making About Juvenile Offenders in Chile: A Quasi-Experimental Study.

Authors
  • Carvacho, Pablo1
  • Droppelmann, Catalina1
  • Mateo, Mariel1
  • 1 Center for Studies on Justice and Society, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile. , (Chile)
Type
Published Article
Journal
International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2023
Volume
67
Issue
4
Pages
398–419
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/0306624X211066839
PMID: 34986703
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study seeks to identify the underlying factors related to the sentencing process for juvenile justice cases in Chile. To this end, a factorial survey method or quasi-experimental vignette method was used. This method allows us to understand with greater clarity the complex cognitive process involved in judicial decision-making. The results confirm that legal factors carry the critical weight for judicial decisions, though extralegal factors also play a role. Among these, factors associated with the offender (such as drug use and school attendance) and characteristics of the judges themselves (such as judicial attitudes and their previous experience) all influenced the decision-making process. These findings allow us to provide evidence about decision-making in the Latin American contexts and add to existing evidence in order to understand the moderating effect of certain class and gender stereotypes.

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