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The effect of Epigallocatechin-3-gallate on small intestinal morphology, antioxidant capacity and anti-inflammatory effect in heat-stressed broilers

  • Song, J.
  • Lei, X.
  • Luo, J.
  • Everaert, Nadia
  • Zhao, Guoying
  • Wen, J.
  • Yang, Y.
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2019
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This study was to investigate the effects of Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on intestinal morphology, antioxidant capacity and anti-inflammatory response in heat-stressed broiler. A total of 192 2-week-old Arbour Acres broilers chickens were divided into four groups with six replicates per group and eight chickens per replicate: one thermoneutral control group (28°C, group TN), which was fed the basal diet; and three cyclic high-temperature groups (35°C from 7:00 to 19:00 hr; 28°C from 19:00 hr to 7:00 hr, heat stress group), which were fed the basal diet supplementation with EGCG 0 mg/kg (group HS0), 300 mg/kg (group HS300) and 600 mg/kg (group HS600). The gut morphology and intestinal mucosal oxidative stress indicators, as well as intestinal barrier-related gene expression, were analysed. The results showed that compared with group TN, heat stress reduced the villus height (VH), activities of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD)and catalase (CAT), increased the crypt depth (CD) and malondialdehyde (MDA)content at 21, 28 and 35 days (p < 0.05). After the heat-stressed broilers were supplemented with EGCG, VH, VH/CD (V/C), and the activities of GSH-Px, SOD and CAT were increased, and CD and MDA content were reduced compared with those in group HS0 without EGCG supplementation at 21, 28 and 35 days (p < 0.05). The EGCG supplementation promoted the gene expression of nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), Claudin-1, Mucin 2 (Muc2) and alleviated the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) and lipopolysaccharide-induced tumour necrosis factor (LITAF) gene expression compared with group HS0 (p < 0.05). Moreover, intestinal morphology was strongly correlated with antioxidant ability and inflammatory response. In conclusion, EGCG alleviated the gut oxidative injury of heat-stressed broilers by enhancing antioxidant capacity and inhibiting inflammatory response. © 2019 Blackwell Verlag GmbH

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