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Effect of ensiling duration on the fate of deoxynivalenol, zearalenone and their derivatives in maize silage

Authors
  • Jensen, Tolke
  • De Boevre, Marthe
  • De Saeger, Sarah
  • Preusske, Nils
  • Soennichsen, Frank D
  • Kramer, Ewald
  • Klink, Holger
  • Verreet, Joseph-Alexander
  • Birr, Tim
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2020
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s12550-019-00378-4
OAI: oai:archive.ugent.be:8645994
Source
Ghent University Institutional Archive
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

Fusarium mycotoxins and their derivatives are frequently detected in freshly harvested forage maize. This study assessed the time course effects during ensiling of forage maize on the fate of Fusarium mycotoxins, using laboratory-scale silos and artificially contaminated raw material. A multi-mycotoxin liquid chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS) method was used to determine the levels of deoxynivalenol (DON), zearalenone (ZEN) and their derivatives DON-3-glucoside, 3-acetyl-DON, 15-acetyl-DON, deepoxy-DON, alpha-zearalenol and beta-zearalenol. A significant increase of DON was observed during ensiling, whereas the levels of DON-3-glucoside and its acetylated forms proportionally decreased. In contrast, levels of ZEN, alpha-zearalenol and beta-zearalenol were not affected by the ensiling process. Based on these findings, ensiling is not a practical method for reducing the total amount of Fusarium mycotoxins present at harvest.

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