Affordable Access

Effect of elevation on intravenous extravasations.

Authors
  • Yucha, C B
  • Hastings-Tolsma, M
  • Szeverenyi, N M
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of intravenous nursing : the official publication of the Intravenous Nurses Society
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1994
Volume
17
Issue
5
Pages
231–234
Identifiers
PMID: 7965367
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Nursing interventions used to treat intravenous extravasations (infiltrations) generally include application of warmth or cold, elevation, and no treatment. In this article, the effect of elevation on infiltrations of 0.45% sodium chloride and 3% saline made intentionally into healthy volunteers is reported. Elevation had no effect on pain, surface area of induration, or volume of infiltrate remaining as quantified by magnetic resonance imaging. A comparison of these data with previously published findings concerning the effect of warmth versus cold on infiltrations shows that no one treatment is better overall in decreasing the symptoms or speeding re-absorption of the infiltrate.

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