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Effect of Delta Current and Delta Current Frequency on tensile properties and microstructure of Gas Tungsten Constricted Arc (GTCA) welded Inconel 718 sheets

Authors
  • Sonar, Tushar1
  • Balasubramanian, Visvalingam1
  • Malarvizhi, Sudersanan1
  • Venkateswaran, Thiruvenkatam2
  • Sivakumar, Dhenuvakonda2
  • 1 Centre for Materials Joining and Research (CEMAJOR), Department of Manufacturing Engineering, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar-608002 , (India)
  • 2 Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), ISRO, 695022 , (India)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Materials
Publisher
De Gruyter
Publication Date
Dec 31, 2019
Volume
28
Issue
1
Pages
186–200
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1515/jmbm-2019-0020
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Inconel 718 is a nickel-based superalloy which finds major applications in lightweight welded frames and other parts in gas turbine engines. This alloy is frequently joined by gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) process for clean and precise welds. However, the weldability of Inconel 718 alloy is limited by the high heat input and slower cooling rate in GTAW process. It leads to the segregation of alloying elements and detrimental laves phase formation in weld metal which significantly reduces the tensile properties of the welded joints. To overcome this problem, a newly developed gas tungsten constricted arc welding (GTCAW) process is used for joining Inconel 718 alloy. The main effect of Delta Current (DC) and Delta Current Frequency (DCF) on the tensile properties and microstructure of GTCA welded 2 mm thick Inconel 718 alloy sheets was investigated. Superior tensile properties were exhibited at Delta Current of 50 A and Delta Current Frequency of 4 kHz due to the refinement in fusion zone. Delta Current and Delta Current Frequency showed deleterious effect at higher levels due to the high heat input.

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