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Effect of COVID-19 pandemic process on prenatal diagnostic procedures.

Authors
  • Ozalp, Mirac1
  • Demir, Omer2
  • Akbas, Hümeyra1
  • Kaya, Ecem1
  • Celik, Cemre3
  • Osmanagaoglu, Mehmet Armagan1
  • 1 Department of Perinatology, Karadeniz Technical University School of Medicine, Trabzon, Turkey. , (Turkey)
  • 2 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Karadeniz Technical University School of Medicine, Trabzon, Turkey. , (Turkey)
  • 3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ankara Dr. Sami Ulus Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. , (Turkey)
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Publisher
Informa UK (Taylor & Francis)
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2021
Volume
34
Issue
23
Pages
3952–3957
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/14767058.2020.1815190
PMID: 32873101
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

To evaluate the accessibility of pregnant women to prenatal screening and diagnostic tests during the COVID-19 pandemic process and analyze the effect of the pandemic process on acceptance-rejection rates of fetal diagnostic procedures for high risk pregnancies. As part of this cross-sectional study, during the pandemic, between the dates of 11 March 2020-30 June 2020 at Karadeniz Technical University Faculty of Medicine Perinatology Clinic, fetal structural anomaly detected by ultrasonography or with increased risk in screening test in the first and second trimester of high risk pregnancies, who were therefore recommended a prenatal diagnosis test, were defined as the control group and retrospectively compared with high risk pregnancies of the same periods (11 March 2019-30 June 2019) in the previous year. A total of 267 cases were evaluated within the scope of the study. The rate of pregnant women undergoing the first and second trimester screening tests was 83% in the control group and 56% for pregnant women in the study group. When the total number of prenatal diagnostic procedures and the year each of the procedures performed are compared, a statistically significant difference was found between the study and control groups (p: .041 and p < .001, respectively). When evaluating the rates of performed prenatal diagnostic procedures during the first patient visit in comparison to years, a statistically significant difference was observed in the A/S group and in the total number of cases (p = .023, p < .001, respectively). Similarly, the rate of performed prenatal diagnostic procedure during the first patient visit and the patient's city of residence was similarly statistically significant from year to year (p < .05). The decrease in number of prenatal diagnosis and screening tests during the COVID-19 pandemic draws attention. Prenatal care services are a serious issue that cannot be overcome by any deficiencies in both maternal and fetal care.

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