The ability of two nonoxynol-9 spermicide preparations to prevent the genital transmission of SIV in rhesus macaques was compared. Administration of one mL of contraceptive foam before the intravaginal inoculation of cell-free SIV prevented the genital transmission of SIV to three of six animals, and using one mL of contraceptive gel prevented the genital transmission of SIV to two of six animals. Thus, both contraceptive foams and gels containing nonoxynol-9 provided protection against the genital transmission of SIV.
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This record was last updated on 07/07/2017 and may not reflect the most current and accurate biomedical/scientific data available from NLM.
The corresponding record at NLM can be accessed at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1315297