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Effect of commercial herbal toothpastes and mouth rinses on the prevention of enamel demineralization using a microcosm biofilm model.

Authors
  • Braga, Aline Silva1
  • Girotti, Letícia Dragonetti1
  • de Melo Simas, Leticia Lobo1
  • Pires, Juliana Gonçalves1
  • Pelá, Vinícius Taioqui1
  • Buzalaf, Marília Afonso Rabelo1
  • Magalhães, Ana Carolina1
  • 1 Department of Biological Sciences, Bauru School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo , Bauru , São Paulo , Brazil. , (Brazil)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biofouling
Publisher
Informa UK (Taylor & Francis)
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2019
Volume
35
Issue
7
Pages
796–804
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/08927014.2019.1662897
PMID: 31514534
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This work evaluated the effects of commercial toothpastes and mouth rinses containing natural/herbal agents on biofilm viability, extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) production and on enamel demineralization in vitro. Microcosm biofilm was produced on bovine enamel for 5 days and treated daily with: Orgânico natural® (toothpaste/mouth rinse), Boni Natural Menta & Malaleuca® (toothpaste/mouth rinse), Propolis & Myrrh® (toothpaste), Colgate Total 12 Clean Mint® (toothpaste, positive control), Malvatricin® Plus (mouth rinse), PerioGard® (mouth rinse, positive control) or PBS (negative control). Tom's Propolis & Myrrh® and Colgate Total 12® toothpastes and Malvatricin® Plus and PerioGard® mouth rinses significantly reduced biofilm viability (p < 0.05). Only PerioGard® had significant effects on biofilm thickness and EPS. Despite the indication that Tom's Propolis & Myrrh® significantly reduced lesion depth, only Colgate Total 12® significantly reduced mineral loss. Malvatricin® Plus significantly reduced mineral loss and lesion depth, as did PerioGard®. Some herbal products, Malvatricin® Plus and Tom's Propolis & Myrrh®, showed anticaries effects.

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