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The Effect of Cigarette Smoke Extract on Trophoblast Cell Viability and Migration: The Role of Adrenomedullin

Authors
  • Beiswenger, Timothy R.1
  • Feng, Liping1
  • Brown, Haywood L.1
  • Heine, R. Phillips1
  • Murtha, Amy P.1
  • Grotegut, Chad A.1
  • 1 Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, 27710, USA , Durham (United States)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Reproductive Sciences
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Publication Date
May 01, 2012
Volume
19
Issue
5
Pages
526–533
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/1933719111426600
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

We tested the hypothesis that cigarette smoke extract (CSE) leads to differences in expression of genes involved in angiogenesis and affects cell viability and migration in a first-trimester cytotrophoblast cell line (HTR-8/SVneo). HTR-8/SVneo cells were treated with 1% CSE, and gene expression for adrenomedullin (ADM), placental growth factor (PIGF), soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase I (sFLT-1), and vascular endothelia growth factor (VEGF) and protein content for ADM, PIGF, and sFlt-1 determined. A cell viability assay and a cell migration scratch assay were utilized following treatment with CSE with and without ADM inhibitor. Adrenomedullin, PIGF, and VEGF gene transcripts were significantly upregulated by 1% CSE treatment compared with unstimulated cells or cells treated with nicotine alone. Neither 1% CSE nor nicotine treatment alone affected sFlt-1 gene expression. There was a significant increase in secreted ADM protein from cells treated with 1% CSE detected by enzyme-linked immuno-sorbant assay, though no differences in PIGF or sFIt-1 production were seen. Treatment with 1 % CSE increased cell viability and cell migration compared with unstimulated cells and was inhibited by co-treatment with ADM inhibitor. Treatment of a first-trimester trophoblast cell line with CSE increases cell viability and cell migration that are reversed by co-treatment with ADM inhibitor, suggesting that ADM at least partially mediates cell growth and viability following CSE treatment.

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