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Effect of bone material properties on effective region in screw-bone model: an experimental and finite element study

Authors
  • Liu, Shuai1
  • Qi, Wei1, 2
  • Zhang, Yang1
  • Wu, Zi-Xiang1
  • Yan, Ya-Bo1
  • Lei, Wei1
  • 1 Fourth Military Medical University, Department of Orthopaedics, Xijing Hospital, Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, 710032, P.R. China , Xi’an (China)
  • 2 Surgery Department of 520th Hospital of PLA, Mian yang, China , Mian yang (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
BioMedical Engineering OnLine
Publisher
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Jun 21, 2014
Volume
13
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/1475-925X-13-83
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

BackgroundThere have been numerous studies conducted to investigate the pullout force of pedicle screws in bone with different material properties. However, fewer studies have investigated the region of effect (RoE), stress distribution and contour pattern of the cancellous bone surrounding the pedicle screw.MethodsScrew pullout experiments were performed from two different foams and the corresponding reaction force was documented for the validation of a computational pedicle screw-foam model based on finite element (FE) methods. After validation, pullout simulations were performed on screw-bone models, with different bone material properties to model three different age groups (<50, 50–75 and >75 years old). At maximum pullout force, the stress distribution and average magnitude of Von Mises stress were documented in the cancellous bone along the distance beyond the outer perimeter pedicle screw. The radius and volume of the RoE were predicted based on the stress distribution.ResultsThe screw pullout strengths and the load–displacement curves were comparable between the numerical simulation and experimental tests. The stress distribution of the simulated screw-bone vertebral unit showed that the radius and volume of the RoE varied with the bone material properties. The radii were 4.73 mm, 5.06 mm and 5.4 mm for bone properties of ages >75, 75 > ages >50 and ages <50 years old, respectively, and the corresponding volumes of the RoE were 6.67 mm3, 7.35 mm3 and 8.07 mm3, respectively.ConclusionsThis study demonstrated that there existed a circular effective region surrounding the pedicle screw for stabilization and that this region was sensitive to the bone material characteristics of cancellous bone. The proper amount of injection cement for augmentation could be estimated based on the RoE in the treatment of osteoporosis patients to avoid leakage in spine surgery.

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