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Effect of age on the pharmacokinetics of oral levodopa in patients with Parkinson's disease.

Authors
  • Contin, M
  • Riva, R
  • Martinelli, P
  • Albani, F
  • Baruzzi, A
Type
Published Article
Journal
European journal of clinical pharmacology
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1991
Volume
41
Issue
5
Pages
463–466
Identifiers
PMID: 1761075
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The influence of age on the kinetics of a standard oral dose of levodopa administered with an inhibitor of peripheral dopa decarboxylase enzymes (benserazide) has been evaluated in 40 patients with Parkinson's disease (age 34-78 y) on chronic therapy. They were divided into 2 groups, on the basis of age below (21 patients, Group A) or above (19 patients, Group B) 65 y. The area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) of levodopa was significantly greater in the older group (547 versus 428 mumol.l-1.min in Group B), coupled with a reduced apparent oral clearance (8.1 versus 10.7 ml.min-1.kg-1) and a longer plasma elimination half-life (67.6 versus 54.6 min). The age of the patients was positively correlated with the AUC of levodopa (r = 0.474) and its plasma elimination half-life (r = 0.391), and was negatively correlated with clearance (r = -0.489). The findings confirm previous data on volunteers that showed a reduction in the systemic clearance of levodopa due to age, which would probably account for the finding of a greater AUC of levodopa in older patients. The observed, age-mediated differences in levodopa pharmacokinetics, albeit statistically significant, were moderate and were likely to be of only minor importance for the dosing schedule.

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