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Effect of acute coagulopathy before fluid administration in mortality for burned patients.

Authors
  • Kaita, Yasuhiko1
  • Nishimura, Hirotaka2
  • Tanaka, Yuya2
  • Suzuki, Jun2
  • Yoshikawa, Kei2
  • Yamaguchi, Yoshihiro2
  • 1 Department of Trauma and Critical Care Medicine, Kyorin University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Japan)
  • 2 Department of Trauma and Critical Care Medicine, Kyorin University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan. , (Japan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Burns : journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Publication Date
Oct 24, 2020
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.burns.2020.10.011
PMID: 33168267
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The presence of acute coagulopathy and its effect on prognosis in burn patients are unclear. No studies are extant verifying early coagulopathy before fluid administration in burn patients. The current study focused on arrival coagulopathy before volume resuscitation was begun in earnest. Data from 137 burn patients transported directly to the hospital without fluid administration from January 2006 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The non-survival group had significantly increased age, total burn surface area (TBSA) burned, various scoring systems, prothrombin time-international normalized ratio (PT-INR), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), the presence of coagulopathy, and lactate levels compared to the survival group. In the logistic regression analysis, the incidence of coagulopathy was independently associated with mortality. The coagulopathy group had significant increases in TBSA burned, various scoring systems, PT-INR, APTT, lactate levels, and the mortality than the noncoagulopathy group. The prognostic burn index (PBI) was significantly correlated with PT-INR and APTT. We also found a significant correlation between the serum lactate and the PT-INR, APTT, and PBI. Acute coagulopathy of burn patients might be present on arrival to the hospital before fluid replacement which is an independent risk factor for in-hospital mortality. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.

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