The principal aim of this bachelor thesis was at first analysis of literature concerning in the subject of the breastfeeding. Next I tried to summarize and characterize all main sources of information about breastfeeding, what are used in the Czech republic of the day. In the same time I tried to show main problems of mothers in the beginning and during the finishing of the breastfeeding. At the same place, with help of opinion poll, I wanted to find out which of the factors have an influence with mother´s resolve to natural way of breastfeeding their children and which of the factors and conditions have an influence with finishing of breastfeeding. Next I concerned in a question, how much can experience of childbirth and stay in a hospital in a beginning of childbed affect the decision of mother to breastfeed her child.