Abstract The outcome of 109 consecutive total knee arthroplasties in 86 diabetic patients was studied. There were 73 women and 13 men, with a mean age of 69 years (range, 56-84 years). All the patients were followed for at least 36 months. The mean follow-up period was 42 months (range, 36-60 months). In the early postoperative period (≤1 month), the overall wound infection rate was 7.3% (8 knees). The risk of deep joint infection was 5.5% (6 knees). Of the patients, 15% (17 knees) developed a urinary tract infection after the operation. The superficial and deep infection rates were higher when compared with a similar study in the general population. Maximum precautions should be taken for diabetic patients undergoing total knee arthroplasties.