Affordable Access

Publisher Website

Simulation of Pedestrian Evacuation in a Room under Fire Emergency

Authors
Journal
Procedia Engineering
1877-7058
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
71
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2014.04.058
Keywords
  • Pedestrian Evacuation
  • Fire
  • Floor Field Model

Abstract

Abstract An extended floor field model is proposed to simulate the pedestrian evacuation in a room by considering the smoke and fire effect under fire emergency. In this new model, the visibility floor field and temperature floor field are introduced, these extensions are important for evacuation simulations under fire circumstances. Through the numerical simulations, the influence of fire locations, type of burning materials, heat release rates and exit width on evacuation are analyzed. The results show these factors have great effects on evacuation, which may be useful to understand the pedestrian evacuation under fire emergency.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.