Abstract Enthalpy arrays enable label-free, solution-based calorimetric detection of molecular interactions in a 96-detector array format. The combination of the small size of the detectors and the ability to perform measurements in parallel results in a significant reduction of sample volume and measurement time compared with conventional calorimetry. We have made significant improvements in the technology by reducing the temperature noise of the detectors and improving the fabrication materials and methods. In combination with an automated measurement system, the advances in device performance and data analysis have allowed us to develop basic enzyme assays for substrate specificity and inhibitor activity. We have also performed a full titration of 18-crown-6 with barium chloride. These results point to future applications for enthalpy array technology, including fragment-based screening, secondary assays, and thermodynamic characterization of leads in drug discovery.