The American Psychiatric Association recently appointed a Task Force on Psychiatric Involvement in Family Planning. Major fertility-related decisions may be sexual, contraceptive, abortion-seeking, or procreative. Psychiatrists have a responsibility to be professionally concerned with the psychosocial determinates and consequences of family planning. They may counsel individuals or agencies concerned with family planning, sex education, and other fertility-related matters and also may function as behavioral scientists, as in research on the psychological social, and cultural determinants of fertility-choice behavior. Physicans, including psychiatrists, require information and guidance to reduce indifference and to enhance the idea that family planning should become part of general health care.