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Family and Society in North-Western Transylvania (2nd Half of the 19th Century – Beginning of the 20th Century): General framework: concepts, methods and approaches

Publication Date
  • Sozialwissenschaften
  • Soziologie
  • Geschichte
  • Social Sciences
  • Sociology
  • Anthropology
  • History
  • Bevölkerung
  • Sozialgeschichte
  • Historische Sozialforschung
  • Familiensoziologie
  • Population Studies
  • Sociology Of Population
  • Social History
  • Historical Social Research
  • Family Sociology
  • Sociology Of Sexual Behavior
  • Rumänien
  • Siebenbürgen
  • Bevölkerungsentwicklung
  • Demographie
  • Ehe
  • Mischehe
  • Ethnizität
  • Ehescheidung
  • Geburt
  • Quantität
  • Familienrecht
  • Familie
  • Sterblichkeit
  • Romania
  • Transylvania
  • Population Development
  • Demography
  • Marriage
  • Intermarriage
  • Ethnicity
  • Divorce
  • Birth
  • Quantity
  • Family Law
  • Family
  • Mortality
  • 10300
  • 30300
  • Biology
  • Political Science


In the latter half of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, in north-western Transylvania there was a traditional rural society, except for some urban centres and their neighbouring areas (the urban character is also proved by the analysis of the marital behaviour). The village was a world of constraints and standards to which all individuals belonging to the group had to conform. Social deviances of any nature were considered with scepticism, while moral and religious perceptions were defining social and societal norms at the time. The community strictly controlled the family through different “rituals” of interference in its internal affairs. Due to its feature as a fundamental social group, the family has different characteristics specific to the community under external influence. From the perspective of such an approach, any major change on the level of the society is able to influence the family either directly or indirectly. The study of society shows different means of family expression entailed by the framework and norms specific to that particular society. Thus, the family is the “micro” expression of society. However, on the other hand, the family generates the social order and the consensus within society due to its biological and socialising functions. It is the one providing the transmission of society’s norms and values. Such a situation entitles us to divide the main features of the corresponding societal type after a family survey. Beyond the sociological perspective of a research on the society-family relationship (primary social group), we intend to make a quantitative and qualitative analysis on family and behavioural mechanisms generated by the effects of the external influence of the society. The relationship family – community was deep. It could not be perceived through a fragmented and segmented analysis. From the perspective of the family, the community was the general framework providing the “pattern”. On the other hand, the community finds its emotions and sensitivity in the crucial moments of family life.

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