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The Use of Rated Blood Flow to Describe the Oxygenating Capability of Membrane Lungs

Authors
Journal
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
0003-4975
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
15
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0003-4975(10)64948-x
Keywords
  • Original Articles

Abstract

Abstract The oxygenating efficiency of the 1.0 m. 2 General Electric-Peirce and the 1.5 m. 2 Travenol membrane lungs was studied using a venoarterial bypass circuit in dogs. Oxygen transfer ( o 2) and Sa o 2 values were compared at consecutive increases in blood flow ( ). Each lung demonstrated, within limits, a direct relationship between and o 2. An inverse relationship between and Sa o 2 occurred at flows between 0.75 to 1.0 L./min./m. 2 and 0.835 to 1.0 L./min./m. 2 in the 1.0 m. 2 (General Electric-Peirce) and the 1.5 m. 2 (Travenol) lungs, respectively. These data reflect the inappropriateness of using o 2 in describing the performance of an oxygenating device. Rated flow, which is the maximum flow at which an oxygenating device will maintain an Sa o 2 of ≥ 95% when presented with blood having an Sv o 2 of 60 to 75% and a hematocrit of 40 to 42%, more completely reflects the capability of an oxygenating device.

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