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Amperometric determination of urea using an NADH-dependent coupled enzyme

Authors
Journal
Talanta
0039-9140
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
41
Issue
6
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0039-9140(94)e0108-4
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Abstract Enzyme electrodes for the amperometric measurement of urea were prepared by co-immobilizing l-glutamate dehydrogenase and urease onto an Immobilon-AV affinity membrane with attachment to a glassy carbon electrode. Reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) was used as the electroactive species. The electrochemical oxidation of NADH was monitored at +1.0 V vs. Ag/AgCl. The enzyme immobilized electrode was linear over the range of 2.0 × 10 −5 to 2 × 10 −4 M. The response time of the electrode was 3 min and the optimum pH of enzyme immobilized membrane was pH 7.4–7.6 (Dulbecco's buffer solution). It was stable for at least two weeks and 50 assays. There were no interferences from other physiological material, except for high levels of ascorbic acid.

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