The intention of Bachelor thesis is aproximation and specification of the EIA process of post- project analysis. Further insight into the principle of the EIA process and already mentioned post- project analysis. In the early part the work deals with road trasportation on the territory of the Czech Republic, its current and future situation. Also engaged with the effects (impacts) of road transport to different parts of the environment. This theme is linked with the next part, which deals with the concept of transport policies. At first at level of selected regions of the Czech Republic, then on the national level. In particular, a comparison of transport polices indicators. In the final part, the work presents the southeastern highway bypass of city Pilsen. It provides insight into the individual parts of the highway bypass and its development over time.