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E-cigarette use among Asian Americans: a systematic review.

Authors
  • Shi, Molin1
  • Gette, Jordan A1
  • Gissandaner, Tre D1
  • Cooke, Jeffrey T1
  • Littlefield, Andrew K1
  • 1 Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of ethnicity in substance abuse
Publication Date
Dec 21, 2020
Pages
1–34
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/15332640.2020.1861495
PMID: 33346722
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) has been rising among adolescents and adults in the United States, including among Asian Americans. However, despite being one of the largest racial/ethnic minority groups, the specific trends and patterns of e-cigarette use among Asian Americans are understudied and unclear. This review aimed to summarize relevant information in the last two decades. This systematic review followed the a priori guide outlined by the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) statement. Articles were gathered from PsycINFO, PubMed, Sage Journals Online, ScienceDirect, and SpringerLink. Forty articles were reviewed and analyzed. Most articles reviewed only reported on the prevalence rate of e-cigarettes among Asian Americans and indicated regional differences. Results noted between- and within-group differences among racial/ethnic groups that warrant further examination. There is a dearth of information regarding health outcomes and correlates or predictors of e-cigarette use among Asian Americans. Despite its popularity and prevalence among Asian Americans, the use of e-cigarettes and related factors or outcomes deserves more nuanced studies and analyses. It is important to delineate subgroup differences by adjusting study designs and data analytic methods to glean meaningful information regarding Asian American's e-cigarette use in the future.

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