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The global resource balance table, an integrated table of energy, materials and the environment

Authors
Journal
Energy Policy
0301-4215
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
61
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2013.05.114
Keywords
  • Energy Balance Table
  • Energy Consumption
  • Co2 Emission
Disciplines
  • Ecology
  • Geography

Abstract

Abstract This paper introduces the Global Resource Balance Table (GRBT), which is an extension of the energy balance tables that expresses the relationships between energy, materials and the environment. The material division of the GRBT includes steel, cement, paper, wood and grain. In contrast, the environmental division of the GRBT includes oxygen, CO2 and methane. The transaction division rows in the GRBT include production, conversion, end use and stock. Each cell of the GRBT contains the quantities of the respective resources that were generated or consumed. The relationships between the cells were constructed from the laws of conservation of the materials and energy. We constructed a GRBT for 2007 and discussed the increasing air temperature due to waste heat and the CO2 equivalent from human breathing. The GRBT is a comprehensive integrated table that represents the resources that are consumed by human activities and is useful for energy and environmental studies.

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