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Towards AOP application – Implementation of an integrated approach to testing and assessment (IATA) into a pipeline tool for skin sensitization

Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology
DOI: 10.1016/j.yrtph.2014.06.001
  • Adverse Outcome Pathway (Aop)
  • Integrated Approaches To Testing And Assessment (Iata)
  • Expert Systems
  • Times-Ss
  • (Q)Sar
  • Read-Across
  • Chemistry


Abstract Since the OECD published the Adverse Outcome Pathway (AOP) for skin sensitization, many efforts have focused on how to integrate and interpret nonstandard information generated for key events in a manner that can be practically useful for decision making. These types of frameworks are known as Integrated Approaches to Testing and Assessment (IATA). Here we have outlined an IATA for skin sensitization which focuses on existing information including non testing approaches such as QSAR and read-across. The IATA was implemented into a pipeline tool using OASIS technology to provide a means of systematically collating and compiling relevant information which could be used in an assessment of skin sensitization potential. A test set of 100 substances with available skin sensitization information was profiled using the pipeline IATA. In silico and in chemico profiling information alone was able to correctly predict skin sensitization potential, with a preliminary accuracy of 73.85%. Information from other relevant endpoints (e.g., Ames mutagenicity) was found to improve the accuracy (to 87.6%) when coupled with a reaction chemistry mechanistic understanding. This pipeline platform could be useful in the assessment of skin sensitization potential and marks a step change in how non testing approaches can be practically applied.

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