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Analytical electron microscopy of Li1.2Co0.4Mn0.4O2for lithium-ion batteries

Authors
Journal
Solid State Ionics
0167-2738
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
182
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.ssi.2010.11.030
Keywords
  • Stem
  • Eels
  • Li Ordering
  • Licoo2
  • Li2Mno3

Abstract

Abstract The structure of as-prepared Li 1.2Co 0.4Mn 0.4O 2 is studied using a combination of techniques that includes high-resolution electron microscopy (HREM), high-angle annular dark-field imaging in scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM), selected-area electron diffraction (SAED) and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). Electron diffraction and imaging revealed Li ordering in the transition metal planes consistent with the presence of locally monoclinic (Li 2MnO 3-like) regions with three different topotaxial orientations with respect to a parent rhombohedral (LiCoO 2-like) structure. EELS analyses revealed compositional variations too small to be compatible with perfect, or close to perfect, segregation into pure LiCoO 2 and Li 2MnO 3 over length scales longer than the sample thickness. We propose a structural model in which Mn and Co segregate within TM planes to form LiMn 6 and Co clusters, which overlap within EELS sampling volumes causing the observed Co/Mn homogeneity.

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