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A parallel rule firing fuzzy production system with resolution of memory conflicts by weak fuzzy monotonicity, applied to the classification of multiple objects characterized by multiple uncertain features

International Journal of Man-Machine Studies
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/s0020-7373(87)80066-4
  • Computer Science


Abstract A fuzzy production system shell is described characterized by parallel rather than sequential rule firing. All fireable rules are fired in effect concurrently. Since there is no unfired-rule stack, no backtracking can take place, and no rule conflict algorithm is necessary; instead, a memory conflict algorithm is invoked when more than one rule modifies the same datum. Memory conflicts are resolved by weakly monotonie fuzzy logic; i.e. the value or truth value of an attribute may be replaced if the new truth value is equal to or greater than the old truth value. The system depends heavily on the use of fuzzy logic and on confidence levels, fuzzy numbers and fuzzy sets as explicit data types, and on the generation of rules from a data base of expert knowledge. Fuzzy sets are used to store contradictory and ambiguous information and results. If a problem is suitable for parallel processing, substantial reductions in system overhead are achieved, together with substantial economy in the number of rules which must be written; if a problem is not suitable for parallel processing, no economy is achieved. We suggest that problems which yield to deductive reasoning constitute a class which is suitable for sequential rule firing, and problems which yield to inductive reasoning constitute a class suitable for parallel processing. A successful application of the system to the unsupervised analysis of a time sequence of noisy echocardiogram images is described.

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