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Ethnicity and gender in the construction of the Guatemalan Nation-State

Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Publication Date
  • Estado Nacional
  • Genocidio - Guatemala
  • Desenvolvimento Rural
  • Indios - Guatemala - Posse Da Terra
  • National State
  • Guatemala
  • Genocide
  • Rural Development
  • Indians
  • Education
  • Law
  • Political Science


The objective of this study is to inquire about and analyze the features of the Guatemalan Nation-State project in present-day Guatemala. Thus, the inquiry will be based on a consideration of ethnicity and gender, investigating the advances and limitations of the project with regard to the legitimate claims of indigenous peoples and women, mainly Mayan, and simultaneously identifying their places in the concrete proposals to reshape the Guatemalan Nation-State. In this way, the emphasis of the analysis is on the four main pillars of the structure of the State which are:: a) representation and participation of the indigenous peoples and women; b) access to, legal security over and use of the land; c) health; and d) education. To undertake this study, historical and bibliographical sources were utilized on the history of the indigenous peoples and women both in Guatemala and in other places of the world. Also, this thesis utilizes materials from four proposals for rural development published between 2001 and 2002 in Guatemala, two peace accords that are strictly related to ethnic and gender commitments and my own experiences of political engagement in the historical claims of indigenous peoples and women in relation to ethnic politics focused on gender in present-day Guatemala

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