The most neglected form of human deprivation is malnutrition particularly among preschool children. Millions of Indian children are equally deprived of the rights to survival, health, nutrition, education and safe drinking water. Interventions for preschool children (Early Childhood Care and Development) in India must be broadly addressed in three dimensions: child health, child development/education and child nutrition. The specific objectives of the study are to examine the current picture of nutritional status of preschool children in rural India; to analyze the policy priorities related to essential components of early child care and development and its interventions; and to suggest the strategies to combat malnutrition among preschool children in India. There are a number of factors affects child nutrition either directly or indirectly. Strategies for preschool children in India require three essential components. They are, system of food entitlements, system of child care and system of health care. Problems of malnutrition among preschool children needs to be addressed through right away. This paper is an attempt in this regard.