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Easy cleaning plus stable activation of glassy carbon electrode surface by oxygen plasma

Authors
  • Colin, Camille
  • Levallois, Pierre
  • Botsos-Margerit, Ugo
  • Clement, Franck
  • Zigah, Dodzi
  • Arbault, Stéphane
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2023
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.bioelechem.2023.108551
OAI: oai:HAL:hal-04467684v1
Source
Hal-Diderot
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

Glassy carbon (GC) electrodes are widely used in electroanalytical applications especially in bioelectrochemistry. Their use starts with an efficient surface cleaning and activation protocol, mostly based on surface polishing steps. We studied the use of an oxygen plasma exposure of GC electrodes to replace common polishing procedures. The cyclic voltammetry (CV) responses of ferrocyanide and ferrocenedimethanol were used to compare brand new, surface-polished and plasma-treated GC electrodes. Plasma treatment induces CV responses with improved features, close to theoretical values, as compared to other methods. The plasma effects were quasi-stable over a week when electrodes were stored in water, this being explained by increased surface energy and hydrophilicity. Furthermore, when electroreduction of diazonium was performed on GC electrodes, the surface blockade could be removed by the plasma. Thus, a short oxygen plasma treatment is prone to replace polishing protocols, that display person-dependent efficiency, in most of the experiments with GC electrodes.

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