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Early within therapy naming probes as a clinically-feasible predictor of anomia treatment response.

Authors
  • Dignam, Jade1, 2, 3
  • Rodriguez, Amy D4, 5
  • O'Brien, Kate1, 3
  • Burfein, Penni3, 6, 7
  • Copland, David A1, 2, 3
  • 1 Queensland Aphasia Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia. , (Australia)
  • 2 School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia. , (Australia)
  • 3 Surgical Treatment and Rehabilitation Service (STARS) Education and Research Alliance, The University of Queensland and Metro North Hospital Service, Brisbane, Australia. , (Australia)
  • 4 Center for Visual and Neurocognitive Rehabilitation, Atlanta VA Health Care System, Decatur GA, USA.
  • 5 Department of Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta GA, USA.
  • 6 Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Surgical Treatment and Rehabilitation Service, Metro North Hospital and Health Service, Brisbane, Australia. , (Australia)
  • 7 Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, The Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Metro North Hospital and Health Service, Brisbane, Australia. , (Australia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Publisher
Informa UK (Taylor & Francis)
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2024
Volume
34
Issue
2
Pages
196–219
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/09602011.2023.2177312
PMID: 36811618
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study investigated the relationship between early within-therapy probe naming performance and anomia therapy outcomes in individuals with aphasia. Thirty-four adults with chronic, post-stroke aphasia participated in the Aphasia Language Impairment and Functioning Therapy (Aphasia LIFT) programme, comprised of 48 h of comprehensive aphasia therapy. Sets of 30 treated and 30 untreated items identified at baseline were probed during impairment therapy which targeted word retrieval using a combined semantic feature analysis and phonological component analysis approach. Multiple regression models were computed to determine the relationship between baseline language and demographic variables, early within-therapy probe naming performance (measured after 3 h of impairment therapy) and anomia treatment outcomes. Early within-therapy probe naming performance emerged as the strongest predictor of anomia therapy gains at post-therapy and at 1-month follow-up. These findings have important clinical implications, as they suggest that an individual's performance after a brief period of anomia therapy may predict response to intervention. As such, early within-therapy probe naming may provide a quick and accessible tool for clinicians to identify potential response to anomia treatment.

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