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Third Ventriculostomy in Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

Authors
Publisher
Elsevier Inc.
Volume
79
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.wneu.2012.02.008
Keywords
  • Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy
  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Communication
  • Medicine

Abstract

Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) has become established as the treatment of choice in cases of uncomplicated occlusive hydrocephalus, but the clinical indications are continually being challenged. The role of ETV in so-called communicating hydrocephalus is often discussed within the context of the ongoing debate on cerebrospinal fluid flow pathways and the disruption caused by varying pathological entities. The increasing number of published reports outlining the efficacy of ETV in noncommunicating or obstructive hydrocephalus, with comparatively low complication rates, has led to attempts by some in the neurosurgical community to redefine its role in patients with communicating hydrocephalus and in particular normal pressure hydrocephalus. A randomized matched cohort with similar inclusion/exclusion criteria and objective and independent multidisciplinary assessments of preoperative assessment and postoperative outcome would be required to define the role of ETV in this group of patients.

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