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Boston harbor outfall tunnel: An environmental imperative

Authors
Journal
Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology
0886-7798
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
9
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0886-7798(94)90056-6
Disciplines
  • Design

Abstract

Abstract In February 1989, the Massachusetts Water Resource Authority (MWRA) began the design and construction of a 15.3-km subsea tunnel and ocean riser system to discharge effluent in conjunction with the design and construction of a large secondary treatment plant. The court-mandated schedule required the tunnel and risers to be completed in July 1995. The paper discusses the project from the viewpoints of management, concept design and construction methods, including the ocean riser system. Key to th success of the project is the accuracy of the location of the risers. The design calls for a final tunnel alignment to be driven within 10 m of the riser shafts, beginning at a distance of 13.1 km from shore.

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