Affordable Access

Publisher Website

Metabolic training: new paradigms of exercise training for metabolic diseases with exercise calorimetry targeting individuals

Annales de Réadaptation et de Médecine Physique
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.annrmp.2007.04.008
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Exercise
  • Lipoxmax
  • Training
  • Lipid Oxidation
  • Medicine


Abstract For patients with metabolic diseases, as with other diseases, exercise training is a fully recognized therapy. Such training helps obese patients stabilize weight after slimming. For patients with type 2 diabetics, it is both a prevention and a glucose-lowering treatment and reduces health care costs. We propose a targeted training for individuals at the level of maximal lipid oxidation (LIPOX max) with a protocol of exercise calorimetry (four 6-min workloads) based on Brooks and Mercier's crossover concept. Calorimetric interpretation of gas exchange at the fifth and sixth minutes of each stage shows a bell-shaped curve for lipid oxidation that peaks at LIPOX max, a point that varies considerably among individuals. As well, glucose oxidation is a linear function of power (carbohydrate cost of the watt). Such a calculation predicts fairly actual lipid oxidation over 45 min at the same level. Other protocols, with 3-min workloads used in sports medicine, are not reliable for patients with metabolic diseases. For obese adults and teenagers, as well as those with type 2 diabetes, 2 months' training at the LIPOX max (three sessions at 45 min per week) results in a net loss of fat mass, with preserved fat-free mass, and increased ability to oxidize lipids. At the end of this period, training can be “re-targeted” to be more effective and, possibly, associated with other strategies with stronger exercise intensities. Therefore, metabolic training is a viable option for patients with metabolic diseases, but the full concept is still evolving. However, the major challenge remains to transform inactive individuals into active ones.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.


Seen <100 times